This report provides insight into the magnetic phenomenon of Hysteresis. Hysteresis is defined as a retardation effect where the magnetisation of a magnetic material lags behind the magnetizing force. Here we will explore the hysteresis loop for a silver steel ferromagnet and use this to discover it’s magnetic properties. The method used will be to place a ferromagnet inside a solenoid with an alternating voltage which will continually reverse the magnetic field and magnetism direction. The relation between these two quantities will be used to produce a hysteresis loop from which magnetic properties can be deduced. The results obtained were: saturation magnetisation = (8.4±0.5)(105)Am-1; remnant magnetisation = (5.9±0.5)(105)Am-1; coercive field: (4.3±0.5)(104)Am-1; energy expended per cycle per unit volume of material: (1.55±0.05)(103)Jm-3s-1; energy product: (8.7±3.0)(104)Jm-3.

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The impact crater of a small metal ball of 63.7 grams (0.0637kg) is dropped from 8 different heights, ranging from 0.20m to 0.90m was observed. A mean was measured for the craters diameter. Using the equation E=mg$\Delta$h given that we have m, and g is a constant of 9.81 we can find the kinetic energy of the ball on impact. The relationship between crater diameter, D, and impact energy, E, is given by D=kE$^n$ where K is constant and n is found by the gradient of the graph and is also constant. This can be modified to give $\log D = n\log E + \log k$.

The purpose of this lab is to determine the spring constant of a given spring. This spring constant is given by the relation between the force exerted on the spring and the distance the spring is either stretched or compressed. This relationship is given through Hooke’s law which we are going to get a better understanding of throughout this lab.

Trabalho experimental de determinação da Constante de Planck e do comportamento de Corpo Negro para um filamento de Tungstênio a partir da determinação de temperatura por resistência e por radiação eletromagnética.