En este documento se explican qué son las matrices, los distintos tipos que hay, algunas operaciones que se hacen con ellas con ellas (y sus respectivas propiedades), además de enseñar cómo realizar estas operaciones en programación. Incluye el concepto de relación binaria, y se explica cómo se pueden representar éstas (si son homogéneas) mediante grafos. y los distintos tipos de éstos últimos. Se recalca la "matriz jacobiana", explicando su función escalar y vectorial
This research paper aims at exploiting efficient ways of implementing the N-Body problem. The N-Body problem, in the field of physics, predicts the movements and planets and their gravitational interactions. In this paper, the efficient execution of heavy computational work through usage of different cores in CPU and GPU is looked into; achieved by integrating the OpenMP parallelization API and the Nvidia CUDA into the code. The paper also aims at performance analysis of various algorithms used to solve the same problem. This research not only aids as an alternative to complex simulations but also for bigger data that requires work distribution and computationally expensive procedures.
The proof of the Dual State Lemma in Chapter 2.3 of Gilbert and Porter's Knots and Surfaces has some problems with the exposition and a critical typo. This document reworks the proof to make it more correct and comprehensible. (This material starts on page 33.)
Muons compose the penetrating component of Cosmic Rays. At sea level, they constitute the largest part of Secondary Cosmic Rays, giving an average flux of ≈ 100 m−2s−1sr−1. The aim of our experiment is to estimate, from muon decay, the mean lifetime and the mass of invisible products. Our experimental setup includes four detectors: three of them are plastic scintillators and compose the trigger system, while the last one is a liquid scintillator which measures the particles energy. All these scintillators are read by photomultipliers. Trigger and pulse thresholds are computed by logical and temporal modules in a VME crate. The Data Acquisition System has been verified to work properly. It is composed of two fADCs modules, one I/O Register, one Motorola computer and a Farm. The liquid scintillator has been calibrated in energy using both passing muons and 60CO gamma source. Thanks to the charge-energy conversion factor we estimated electron energy spectrum. In particular we selected a sample of decay events by estimating muon mean lifetime τμ = 2.19 ± 0.34 μs; then we finally extrapolated an upper limit for invisible products mass mν < 5.99 ± 0.73 MeV/c2.