Due to the widespread adoption of the internet and its services, protocols have been established and new ones arise every year. Either for securing connections, ciphering information or service authentication, protocols place an important part in network communications. The TCP/IP has become one of the ubiquitous protocol suites for secure communication, and therefore, a desirable target for covert information encapsulation. In this article, we will discuss the art of unauthorized data transfer - covert techniques - for data encapsulation in protocol data packets, emphasizing headers fields manipulation.
A rainbow is a meteorological phenomenon that is caused by reflection, refraction and dispersion
of light in water droplets resulting in a spectrum of light appearing in the sky. It takes the form
of a multicoloured circular arc. Rainbows caused by sunlight always appear in the section of sky
directly opposite the sun.
Objective: This research reveals the physics behind the creation of rainbows and to find out "Is the artificial
creation of rainbows help full in any way when it comes to our understanding of ways in which light works.